According to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), droughts, landslides, risks of cyclones and floods threaten, for example, 19 million children in Bangladesh. Among the most affected, there are also the Rohingyas. Political refugees, they may well become climate refugees. Under this report, not all countries are equal in the face of global warming.
About one million Rohingyas refugees have returned to Bangladesh since 2017 and violence against this ethnic minority in neighbouring Burma. Most crowded in the camps in the District of Cox’s Bazar and its beach of more than 120 kilometers. One of the longest in the world. One of the most also exposed to cyclones and rising ocean levels, while two-thirds of Bangladesh culminates within 5 metres above sea level.
What worries Luc Chauvin, the head of humanitarian partnerships at UNICEF: “it is certain that the populations in this region of Bangladesh are also at the mercy of extreme climatic events that could happen, type cyclones, etc. Because this whole area of the Bay of Bengal is a very risky area. The living conditions on the spot remain rather precarious despite the assistance provided by the Government of Bangladesh and international assistance. So it’s safe that if we had a cyclone that was going to hit co’s Bazar and the Rohingyas refugee camps, the effects would be disastrous, “he says.
In addition to the Rohingyas, Bangladesh hosts 6 million climate refugees. The United Nations expects them to be 13 million in 2050.