Climate change has led to warming almost twice as fast in Canada as in the rest of the world, with the greatest impact in the Canadian North, according to a Government report quoted on Monday by several Canadian media.
Average annual temperatures in Canada have increased by 1.7 degrees since 1948, almost twice the average global increase of 0.8 degrees, and the climate "will continue to warm in the future, under human influence", according to a report commissioned by the Canadian Environment Department, which was to be released on Tuesday.
In Northern Canada, near the Arctic Circle, temperatures increased by an average of 2.3 degrees over the same period. Warming could reach more than six degrees by the end of the century, according to scientists ' projections.
The consequences of such a warming are numerous: melting of ice, rising sea level, floods, droughts, heat waves and more frequent forest fires are to be expected.
The country needs to reduce its GHG emissions by 30%
"Limited warming scenarios will only occur if Canada and the rest of the world reduce carbon dioxide emissions to almost zero at the beginning of the second half of the century," the report says.
This document is unveiled while the Liberal Government of Justin Trudeau, which has made the environment one of its priorities, imposed on Monday a tax on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to four provinces which it considers insufficient efforts.
This led to the anger of conservative leaders, a few months of federal legislative elections scheduled for October.
According to commitments made by Canada in 2015 in the Paris climate agreement, the country must reduce its GHG emissions by 30% by 2030 from the 2005 level. Rtl