Central Africa: protection and safeguarding of the Congo basin

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By Boris Kharl Ebaka

Stretching from the Gulf of Guinea to the West to the Rift Valley to the East, the Congo basin is the heart of African biodiversity, covering five hundred and thirty million hectares spread across six countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Congo. This basin is home to about 70% of the continent's forest cover and is also home to a fifth of all species living on our planet.

With the widest range of plants and animals in Africa, the forests of the Congo basin are the Habitat of the largest population of endangered forest elephants and represent almost all of the Plains Gorilla range from the West, the entire range of the Bonobo and a large portion of the range of chimpanzeed.

It is constantly being repeated, forests are essential to mitigate the effects of climate change. Recent estimates suggest that the Congo basin sequesters more than sixty billion tonnes of carbon, much more than all the tropical forests of the Amazon and Asia combined. In the past, the limited development rate in the region has long protected the ecosystems of the Congo basin from a wild operation. Today, national policies focused on economic emergence, strong dependence on the exploitation of natural resources and a steadily growing population pose a threat to the current sustainability of the three hundred million hectares of forests in the region.

It is precisely to preserve this vast ecological whole of the risks of wild exploitation that the UN environment, the International Union for the conservation of nature, the Global Fund for nature, the World Bank and the Governments of Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the United States, the Republic of the Congo with the financial support of the global environment facility, recently implemented the programme for sustainable landscapes in the basin of the

Congo. This six-year programme will address the causes of forest loss and degradation in the region. The programme will aim to create a more conducive environment for forest governance, support land-use planning, strengthen the management and financing of protected areas and reduce the consequences of using natural resources local communities and the private sector.

The Congo basin sustainable landscapes programme is part of the global environment facility's "impact on sustainable forest management" programme, which aims to transform development and generate multiple benefits for biodiversity, halting climate change and soil degradation by defending the long-term health of the landscapes of the arid lands of the Amazon and the Congo basin.

Thanks to this program, one of the most important ecosystems in the world is geared towards a sustainable future. In addition, with the announcement of the $6,000,000 funding program, which aims to stabilize forest cover, peatlands and wildlife populations throughout the Congo basin will be able to continue to contribute to global balance and to play their full role in the fight against climate change.

Journalist, communication consultant and entrepreneur in charge of marketing and sponsoring Affairs at the Ministry of sports of the Republic of Congo.

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