Good news for environmental advocates, especially defenders of mountain gorillas. Indeed, the International Union for the conservation of nature (IUCN), which identifies endangered species, has published its latest report and several very endangered animals are finding colors. This is the case, in particular, of African gorillas. Their population is increasing through protection efforts.
Classified in the category "critically endangered" since 1996, the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) saw its status modified on 14 November 2018, when updating the IUCN Red list. With increasing numbers, this subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla would have increased from 680 heads in 2008 to more than 1000 in 2018.
For IUCN, the mountain gorilla was previously considered "critical danger", it is only in "danger". While this endemic species, straddling the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Uganda, is still fragile, its people are increasing in number. 1 000 this year there were 300 fewer than ten years ago. A thousand is still little, but the momentum is positive. The sign that anti-poaching policy is working.
However, the mountain gorilla is not completely out of the question. Its Habitat is relatively small, 800 square kilometers barely. And most importantly, it is surrounded by the men who stand up all around for intensive agriculture. The International Union for the conservation of nature notes another danger brought by man, diseases. With Ebola in mind as the terrible epidemic is also hitting the gorillas.
If there is hope for the mountain gorilla, it is not yet taken. And despite the good news, it is only one species. His close cousin, the Plains Gorilla, is still in critical danger of extinction.
A 47% increase in the workforce in ten years
With the increase in its global population, the mountain gorilla was transferred today to the endangered species category, making it the least endangered gorilla subspecies on the planet. His cousins the gorilla of the Cross River, the gorilla of the western plains and that of the plains of the East remain all considered as close to disappearance and thus in the category "critically endangered". The subspecies of the mountain gorilla was mainly publicized by the work of Dian Fossey and the documentaries devoted to Virunga National Park where one of the two subpopulations lives. The other one lives in the impenetrable forest of Bwindi in Uganda.