The African continent is determined to preserve its flora and fauna. It is from this perspective that the African strategy on combating illegal exploitation and illicit trade in wild fauna and flora in Africa is adopted.
The pfbc-cbfp.org information website specifies that the strategy has been developed to guide African countries in a harmonised response to the illegal exploitation and illicit trade of wild fauna and flora. Its overall objective is to prevent, reduce, in order to eliminate illegal exploitation and illicit trade in African wild fauna and flora, through its adoption and implementation.
It is articulated around the seven key objectives and seven strategic axes. The key objectives are the following:
(I) increasing the level of political commitment to prevent, combat and eradicate illegal exploitation and illicit trade in wild fauna and flora and to recognise the illicit trade in wild fauna and flora as an offence of extreme gravity;
(ii) improving governance, integrity and regional and interregional cooperation; (iii) strengthening collaboration with consumer States with a view to reducing the demand, supply and transit of illegal products of wild fauna and flora;
(iv) promoting the participatory approach to economic development and community livelihoods through the sustainable use of wild fauna and flora;
(v) reduction, prevention and elimination of the negative impact of this type of crime on the economy, security and stability of African States;
(vi) capacity building, information, advocacy and public awareness;
(VII) strengthening the capacity of States of origin and transit to detect illegal products of fauna and flora, including the detection of exit and transit points.