The Chinese head of State, XI Jinping announced at the opening, Monday 3 September 2018, of the Sino-African cooperation forum (Fcsa), that his country would lead eight major initiatives in African countries over the next three years on the margins of funding total of $60 billion for the continent.
These eight initiatives should cover several areas, namely: infrastructure connectivity, industrial promotion, trade facilitation, environmental development, capacity building, health, human exchange and cultural heritage, as well as peace and security. Thus, with regard to infrastructure connectivity, China should set up a programme, jointly with the African Union (AU), to strengthen cooperation between Sino-African enterprises in the infrastructure sector.
To promote the continent's industries, the Middle Kingdom should set up 50 agricultural assistance programmes and organise an economic and commercial exhibition hosting several Chinese and African companies.
To facilitate trade between the two parties, China is expected to increase its imports of products from African countries, especially those not related to raw materials. Nearly 50 projects for environmental development assistance and the protection of ecology and the environment should also be undertaken in favour of the countries of the continent. In order to strengthen its human capital, 50 000 government scholarships for Africa will be offered by China, which plans to train 1 000 high-level African executives, and sponsor training workshops and seminars for 50 000 other Africans.
The health sector, for its part, should involve the strengthening of 50 health and medical aid programmes for the countries of the continent, while an Institute for African studies will be established to strengthen China-Africa trade in civilization.
Finally, China announced the establishment of 50 security assistance programmes, as well as the establishment of a China-Africa peace and Security Fund. It should be noted that nearly $147 million should also be released to provide emergency humanitarian assistance to African countries affected by natural disasters.